Resident Duty Hours. Enhancing Sleep, Supervision, and Safety

Resident Duty Hours: Enhancing Sleep, Supervision, and SafetyMedical residents in hospitals are often required to be on duty for long hours. In 2003, the organization overseeing graduate medical education adopted common program requirements to restrict resident workweeks, including limits to an average of 80 hours over 4 weeks and the longest consecutive period of work to 30 hours in order to protect patients and residents from unsafe conditions resulting from excessive fatigue. "Resident Duty Hours" provides a timely examination of how those requirements were implemented and their impact on safety, education, and the training institutions. An in-depth review of the evidence on sleep and human performance indicated a need to increase opportunities for sleep during residency training to prevent acute and chronic sleep deprivation and minimize the risk of fatigue-related errors.

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